If your child is really struggling with reading, there may be a specific problem. Reading difficulties occur on a continuum - there is a wide range of children who experience reading difficulties, from those with a learning disability to those without a diagnoses but who need targeted help.
How do I know if there's a problem?
If your child finds it more difficult than his peers in pronouncing or rhyming words or in comprehending meaning, or they shy away from reading all together, there could be a problem.
Children who have had repeated ear infections, glue ear or have had a speech delay during their early years can trouble learning to read. These children may just lag behind their peers a bit and need more time to learn certain things. Children with learning disabilities find it difficult to learn a particular skill and a large percentage of children with learning disabilities (around two thirds) have problems learning to read.
What are learning disabilities?
Dyslexia is a learning disability that impairs a person's ability to read and comprehend words. It affects one in ten of the population. When they are reading dyslexic children may have problems blending letters together and they may miss out words, or add extra words. They may also be hesitant and laboured in reading, especially when reading aloud.
Irlen Syndrome is often confused with dyslexia. Children complain of letters falling off a page, or 'fizzing'. Laying a coloured, transparent sheet over text can make a huge improvement. For more information go to Irlen UK.
What should I do?
When a child has difficulty reading it can be stressful and emotional for a parent. Work with your child's teacher to understand and pinpoint the problem and instead of focussing on the negatives build on his, or her, strengths.
Teachers can advise you on the targetted reading schemes available at your child's school. The National Literacy Trust provides resources for parents and children. Reading Recovery is a well-established intervention scheme for children with reading difficulties. The programme provides daily half-hour sessions with specially trained Reading Recovery teachers for six-year-olds who are in the bottom 20% of their class in terms of reading.
If you think that your child has a specific learning disability it is important that you work with the school to have your child assessed. Learning Disabilities UK is a valuable source of resources for parents and teachers.